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Sodium pyrosulphite, Na2S2O5

When excess of sulphur dioxide is passed into sodium-carbonate solution at low temperature, anhydrous sodium pyrosulphite separates; at ordinary temperature the hydrate Na2S2O5H2O is formed. This substance may be regarded as an anhydride of sodium hydrogen sulphite: 2NaHSO3 - H2O=Na2S2O5. The heat of formation of the anhydrous salt from its elements is given by de Forcrand as 348.4 Cal., and the heat of solution at 10° C. as 5.2 Cal. The electric conductivity has been investigated by Walden. The salt is employed to retard oxidation of photographic developers.

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